Three Rivers News, 2002-07-23
TUESDAY, JULY 23, 2002
 VOLUME 1 NUMBER 37
SPONSORED AND PUBLISHED BY THREE RIVERS KIWANIS
& THREE RIVERS COMMUNITY ALLIANCE

REMEMBER, FOR ALL EMERGENCIES DIAL 911!!!

In this issue….
• BROWNVILLE LITTLE LEAGUE
• GARDEN CLUB FAIR

Wally Russell Feted
BY BILL SAWTELL
     Milo - Friends, family members, and colleagues, past and present, held a surprise retirement party at the Milo Town Hall to fete the end of Wally Russell's coaching career.
     Jill Russell Morey organized the party with much help from Lynn Weston and Nancy Russell.
     Bill Sawtell served as Master of Ceremonies.
     Speakers included Mark Russell, Bud Whitney, Jerry Burleigh, Alan Gaw, Tony Hamlin, Kerri Russell, and Barb Hamlin. Buddy Leavitt and Denny Mason, Wally's jayvee coach at PCHS, were also on hand at the affair, which was sometimes a roast instead of a toast for Russell.

Milo Elementary News
BY CHRIS BERES
     While school is out for the summer, there were some noteworthy things that happened as the year was winding down. Now that the dust has settled, I want to make sure that our readers know about these things.

GIFT RECEIVED FROM JSI
     Milo Elementary received three beautiful shelf units as a gift from JSI. They will be used as bookcases in three classrooms. Their arrival at school caused quite a stir as all of the staff and students wanted them in their classroom. We ended up having a drawing to decide which classes got them. The lucky winners were Miss Howard's room, the second grade, and Mrs. Mill's Reading Lab. The shelves will hold lots of great books and are good replacements for some older pieces that have seen better days. Thanks so much to David Wolf for thinking of us and to Mark Awalt and JSI Store Fixtures. How fortunate our community is to have such a supportive business in town.

Rivertown Gives a Concert to the Elementary Students of MSAD # 41
     On June 17 the elementary students of all district schools were treated to a free concert by the band Rivertown. This is the second annual concert that the group has given free to the students. The plan was for the concert to be outside on the lawn at Milo Elementary; however, the weather did not cooperate so this year's concert was indoors in the gym. The band played for well over an hour and a great time was had by students and staff alike. Mrs. Gillis made the arrangements for this. Thanks so much to Josh Guthrie and the rest of the band. We are so lucky to have this generous group in our area. We are all looking forward to next year and a Third Annual Concert. We urge everyone to take advantage of opportunities to hear Rivertown and support the group.

COME TO THE FAIR!!!
The Milo Garden Club invites you to attend its Annual Summer Fair
Thursday, August 1, 2002
11:00 am – 2:00 pm
Luncheon by donation
On Sale: Plants, Perennials, Crafts and Food
Free Admission!
Door Prize Drawing, Informational Handouts and an Auction
?The road to a good time begins at the Summer Fair?!

MILO/BROWNVILLE LITTLE LEAGUE

Cubs Win over Red Sox
BY SCOTT AND JEAN LARSON
     Tuesday, July 16-Cubs vs. Red Sox at the Milo field. Cubs 14, Red Sox 4
     Kiel Larson struck out 6, while Jamie Nason struck out 3 to help the Cubs to go 7-0. Kiel Larson and Jamie Nason each had two hits while Timmy Nason, Wade Wilson, and Brian Saunders each singled.
     For the Red Sox, Nick Emery, Brian Zwicker, Leigh Dolley, and James Glenhill each had singles.
     Pitchers and catchers: Larson, Nason and Witham Emery, Zwicker, Dolley, Dolley and Somers

INNING 1 2 3 4 5 6 FINAL
CUBS 4 0 3 3 3 1 14
RED SOX 1 0 0 0 0 3 4

ORIOLES WIN
     Wednesday, July 17, Mets at Orioles at the Milo field. A very exciting Little League game was played, with the Orioles taking on the Mets. The Orioles had yet to win a game this season but that wouldn't be the case here tonight. With the Orioles down 8 – 1 going into the bottom of the 5th inning, they put on a great rally to get 6 runs with hits from Erica Lyford (a single), Mike Lawson tripled, and Michael Johnson doubled.
     Top of the 6th; score now at 8-7... Erica faced just 4 of the Met’s batters, giving up 1 walk and no runs. Bottom of the 6th, the Orioles faced Ryan Bailey (who somehow pitched a terrific game with his freshly broken finger, not to mention he hit a double and had a great hit out to left field......which Richie Russell caught on a shoe-string catch.)
     With 2 outs...Ian Champeon got a walk bringing up Mike Lawson, who had a ground rule double putting 2 runners in scoring position with Chris McCleary up...a passed ball by the catcher gave the Orioles their first win of the season.

Page 1

     Other hits for the Orioles...a single by Bryan Russell Hits for the Mets...Corey Herbest had 2 singles and a super job pitching. Jesse M. did a great job pitching with 3 strikeouts in the 2nd. Logan Whitten had a triple and a single and pitched great. Cody Andrews scored for his team and did a super job catching. Noah Bissell had a single and a great catch on first base. . Philip had a nice single and great catch in center field. Shane Woodard did a great job getting his first hit this season.

LITTLE LEAGUE SCHEDULE FOR NEXT 2 WEEKS
(all games are at 5:30 pm)
Click here for team rosters!

Tues., July 23 Brownville CUBS AT A’S
Tues., July 23 Milo METS AT BRAVES
Wed., July 24 Milo BRAVES AT CUBS
Thurs., July 25 Brownville A’S AT ORIOLES
Thurs., July 25 Milo RED SOX AT METS
PLAYOFFS WILL BEGIN FOLLOWING REGULAR SEASON GAMES

STATEMENT OF POLICY

   Three River News is published weekly by Three Rivers Kiwanis. It is available Tuesdays at the Milo Farmer’s Union, BJ’s Market, Graves’ Service Station, Robinson’s Fuel Mart, Reuben’s Farmer’s Market, Angie’s, Milo Exxon, Rite Aid, and Milo True Value. The paper can also be viewed online at www.trcmaine.org. Donations can be mailed to Valerie Robertson, PO Box 81, Milo, Maine 04463
   Letters to the editor, social news, school news, items of interest, or coming social events may be submitted NO LATER THAN FRIDAY NOON to the following addresses:
     Valerie Robertson, PO Box 81, Milo, Maine 04463 or e-mailed to val04463@verizon.net or call 943-2324.
   Nancy Grant, 10 Belmont St. Milo, Maine 04463, or e-mailed to msnancy@midmaine.com or call 943-5809.
   Please drop suggestions and comments into the donation box or contact one of us. We welcome your ideas. All opinions are those of the editors unless otherwise stated. We will publish no negative or controversial comments. The paper is written, printed, and distributed by unpaid volunteers. Donations are used to cover expenses of printing, paper and materials.

Valerie Robertson | Nancy Grant | Virgil Valente
Tom Witham | Seth Barden | Kirby Robertson

HOW TO RECEIVE THE THREE RIVERS NEWS BY MAIL
   We have received many inquiries from readers as to how they can get the Three Rivers News delivered to their mailbox each week. The news is available by subscription in 30-week increments. For each 30-week subscription we ask for a donation of $25.00 to cover the cost of printing and mailing. If you would like to sign up to get the news delivered, send your name, address and a check for $25.00 to:

Valerie Robertson
PO Box 81
Milo, Maine 04463
Nancy Grant
10 Belmont St.
Milo, Maine 04463

   We will mail your issue each Tuesday morning so you can have a nice fresh paper delivered every week! This makes an especially nice gift for an elderly person or for someone who lives away, but still likes to keep in touch with area happenings

NEED COMPUTER HELP?
     Seth Barden, an invaluable part of this newspaper and co-creator of The TRCMaine website, is available to help you with ANY computer problem. He can make your computer do what you want it to do! He can work on any PC, so if you have a computer problem, call Seth at 943-2425 or check out his personal site at www.sethen.com.

MOTO-CROSS NEWS
     Trevor Lyford came home with a 1st place trophy in the ATV division at the Skowhegan race, against 10 other kids. He did real well in his practice race, finishing 1st in the first Moto and got another 1st place in the second Moto. A boy on a Scrambler was breathing down his neck the entire time, ready to pass him on each corner, but Trevor would peek over his shoulder and see him coming and did a great job holding him off on the straights.
     Other local racers were: Mike Bishop, who finished 5th in his first Moto, Dustin Bishop, Kole Stevens, Luke Landry, and Kyle Foss, who ended up with a swollen foot from a wreck on the first corner ending his day of racing...but he's going to be o.k. and ready for July 28th. Jordon Frost was also in Skowhegan for the first time.
     You can check out the many pictures of local racers on: www.mainedirtbikes.com.


MEALS FOR ME. MENU

WED., JULY 24 CHICKEN DIVAN, MASHED POTATOES, PEAS, CORNBREAD, SLICED PEACHES
THURS., JULY 25 VEGETABLE QUICHE, GREEN BEANS, TOSSED SALAD, SUGAR COOKIE
FRI., JULY 26 BAR-B-QUE PORK ON A BUN, FRESH CAULIFLOWER, THREE BEAN SALAD, MOLASSES COOKIE
The menu for the next three meals wasn’t available at press time, but don’t worry, there will be lunches.

ANYONE 60 OR OVER IS INVITED TO ATTEND OUR MEALS. WE MEET AT THE MILO TOWN HALL DINING ROOM ON MONDAYS AND THURSDAYS AT 11:45 AM AND AT THE QUARRY PINES COMMUNITY ROOM ON FRIDAYS AT 11:45 AM. PLEASE MAKE PLANS TO ATTEND! FOR RESERVATIONS CALL 943-2488. A $2.50 DONATION IS SUGGESTED AND APPRECIATED

Brownville Trivia
BY BILL SAWTELL
Choose the best answer.
1. Moses Greenleaf was Maine's first, (a) citizen, (b) governor, (c) mapmaker, (d) surveyor.
2. Morris and Evans were looking for, (a) gold, (b) slate, (c) iron, (d) water.
3. J. R. Crandall was a(n), (a) teacher, (b) lawyer, (c) engineer, (d) innkeeper.
4. The first president of the Brownville Historical Society was (a) Greta Connors, (b) Reuben Lancaster, (c) Bill Sawtell, (d) Scott Kirby.
5. The block in the village is the property of the, (a) Community Church, (b) Bangor Hydro Company, (c) Masons, (d) Eastern Star
6. The Masons once thought about purchasing the, (a) old Methodist Church, (b) North Brownville School, (c) the Ladd Mill office, (d) the Diston Mill.

Page 2

7. The bell of the old Methodist Church is now in the historical society building in, (a) Sebec, (b) Milo, (c) Dover-Foxcroft, (d) Guilford.
8. BHS players were, (a) Bears, (b) Tigers, (c) Quarrymen, (d) Yankees.
9. During the Great Depression Brownville Village had, (a) one, (b) two, (c) three, (d) four semiprofessional basketball teams.
10. Wrong-Way Corrigan was a, (a) singer, (b) golfer, (c) carpenter, (d) pilot.

Answers: 1-c 2-b 3-c 4-d 5-c 6-a 7-b 8-a 9-b 10-d

Milo Free Public Library News
BY JUDITH MACDOUGALL
     I was on vacation for a week but I don't think the patrons noticed any lack of service at the library while I was gone. Pamela Flanagan, the assistant librarian, Tracy Morse, and Nancy Scroggins, substitutes kept the library running smoothly. We are lucky to have such able help.
     Pamela has been taking college courses through ITV and was a substitute and a work/study student at the library last winter so she is quite familiar with our procedures. Tracy Morse has been connected with our library in different roles. For a number of years as a mother, she has been bringing her two boys to the summer reading program making her thoroughly familiar with it, and for the last few years she has participated in the community reader story time. She has also substituted at the elementary school library gaining additional library experience.
     Nancy Scroggins comes to us from Northumberland, NH where she was the head librarian for 15 years. She offered to help in any way we could use her when she first came into our library and has now been in our community reader program for the last two summers.
     Our community readers for the story time these past two weeks were Phil Gerow on July 10 and Nancy Scroggins on July 17. We thank you both for donating your time to support the program and for helping to encourage children in learning to love reading.
     Our 12-year-old library volunteer, Kyle Gero, continues to make himself more and more indispensable helping the librarians and the patrons. We really miss him when he can't come in for his afternoon hours. Together we at the Milo Free Public Library are striving to serve you the very best way we know how.

Milo Free Public Library Summer Hours
Mon. Weds. Fri. 2-8:00 p.m.

MILO POLICE DEPARTMENT NEWS
BY TODD LYFORD
Please Do Not Leave Keys in Vehicles
     Over the past several weeks there have been several vehicle thefts in the Milo and Brownville area. All the vehicles taken have been recovered. One of the vehicles had a significant amount of damage done to it. All the vehicles had the keys left in them.
     Please make sure you remove your keys from your vehicles at night. It will make it that much harder for the thieves to take your vehicle.
     Anyone with information about the stolen vehicles should contact the Milo Police Department at 943-2522 or 2281 and the Brownville Police Department at 965-2561

Child Safety Seat Law Changes
P.L. 2001, c. 585 (As Amended by P.L. 2001, c. 710)
     *Effective January 1, 2003
Sec.1. 29-A MRSA §2081, sub-§1, is repealed and replaced.
     The definition section is expanded to include the definition of a “Federally approved child restraint system” which means a child passenger restraint system that is designed to elevate a child to enable that child to properly sit in a federally approved lap and shoulder belt system. (a.k.a., a booster seat)
Sec.2. 29-A MRSA §2081, sub-§2, is amended.
     The operator shall ensure that a child who weighs less than 40 pounds is properly secured in a child safety seat.
Sec.3. 29-A MRSA §2081, sub-§3, is repealed and replaced.
     The operator shall ensure that a child who:
1. Weighs at least 40 pounds, but less than 80 pounds, and who is less than eight years of age is properly secured in a booster seat.
2. Is less than 18 years of age, but at least 8 years of age is properly secured in a seat belt.
3. Is less than 18 years of age and more than 4 feet, 7 inches in height is secured in a seat belt, unless the child is less than 8 years of age and weighs less than 80 pounds in which case the child has to be secured in a booster seat.
4. Is less than 12 years of age and who weighs less then 100 pounds is properly secured in the rear seat of a vehicle, if possible.
Type Age (years) Weight (lbs.) Height
Child Safety Any <40
Boost <8 and 40-79
Seat Belt 8-17
Seat Belt <8 80 or more >4’7”
Back Seat <12 <100

Sec.4. 29-A MRSA §2081, sub-§4, ¶B, is amended.
     Similar to a child safety seat violation, a second child booster seat violation cannot take place until 24 hours have elapsed from the date and time of the first violation as indicated on the Violations Summons and Complaint.
Sec.5. 29-A MRSA §2081, sub-§4, ¶C, is amended.
     Again, similar to a child safety seat violation, a booster seat violation is a traffic infraction and the court will waive the fine for a first violation by a parent or legal guardian if the parent or legal guardian provides the court with satisfactory evidence that the parent or legal guardian has acquired a federally approved booster seat for continuous use by the child within 30 days of the violation.

A Historical Review
Milo, Greenville Graduating Classes Invited to be Guests of the Canadian Atlantic Railway
As published in the Bangor Daily News, May 17, 1989
(Reprint submitted by C.K. Ellison, 2002)
     All Aboard Number 1201 reads the caption under the photo of a..."Pacific-type G5s-class steam locomotive, which in 1944 was the last steam locomotive built at Angus Shops in Montreal, will haul four vintage passenger coaches through the State of Maine on June 2-3 [1989]. Part of Railroad Days in Brownville Jct., the passage of the vintage locomotive is in recognition of the 100th anniversary of the opening of rail services in Maine by the Canadian Pacific Railway."
     PENQUIS
- The graduating classes in Milo and Greenville have been invited to be guests of the Canadian Atlantic Railway (CAR), a business unit of the Canadian Pacific Rail (CP), on portions of the trip planned June 2-3 when a vintage steam-powered passenger train will pass through Maine. The special trip in observance of the 100th anniversary of CP service between Montreal and Saint John N.B.

Page 3

     The Penquis Valley High School system will bus their students to Greenville and have indicated that there will be extra seating capacity for some of the railroad families who wish to travel to Greenville. Similar plans are being made for the Greenville High School students. The graduates will be guests of the railroad on the Greenville/Brownville Jct. portion of the trip. A similar invitation has been extended to Jackman graduates.
     The 100th anniversary of CP has been teams "Railroad Days" in Brownville Jct. when a host of varied activities are planned over the two-day period. CAR has increased the seating capacity of the vintage steam-powered passenger train. This extra capacity will enable a limited number of the general public to ride the train, the first time that a steam engine has pulled a CP train in Maine since 1959.
     CAR's assistant superintendent at Brownville Jct., Jim Gillespie, in announcing the additional seating, stresses that CP pensioners, CAR employees and their immediate families as well as invited civic and business guests will have priority for seating. However, he said some 75 seats for members of the general public will generally be available for most segments of the trip through Maine. Gillespie said that selected passengers will be accommodated aboard with departures from Jackman and Greenville on June 2 and from Brownville Jct., Mattawamkeag and Danforth the following day.
     Departure from Jackman will be at 9:30 a.m., and Greenville at 1:00 p.m. The Saturday departure from Brownville Jct. will be at 8:00 a.m. for the round trip to Onawa for railroad employees and families only. An additional departure from Brownville Jct. will take place at noon for points east. The train will depart Mattawamkeag a 2:00 p.m. and Danforth at 3:10 p.m.
     Railroad officials stressed that it will be the responsibility of passengers to obtain their own ground transportation. Reservations and tickets will be required for all trips. For reservations, which will be accepted on a first come, first served basis, as well as ticketing information, can be obtained from the CAR station at Brownville Jct. [1989 hours listed].
     The vintage steam locomotive, number 1201, a Pacific-type G5s-class train, which in 1944 was the last steam locomotive built at Angus Shops in Montreal, will haul four vintage former CPR passenger coaches through the State of Maine. Its run through Maine will mark the centennial of the completion of the railways 220-mile-long access to the Atlantic Coast through Central and Eastern Maine.
     Railroad Days is a celebration sponsored by the Town of Brownville in honor of Canadian Pacific, the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad and Via Rail. The CAR is sponsoring the rarely seen visit with the cooperation of the National Museum of Science and Technology, Ottawa, Ontario.
     The 45-year-old locomotive and its consist will enter the state at Jackman on June 2 at 9:30 a.m. There, the locomotive will be services and play a part in a brief ceremony. It will depart at 10:30 a.m. to arrive at Greenville for another brief ceremony at approximately noon. The train will make a brief ceremonial stop at Onawa in Elliotsville at 4:10 p.m. and is due to arrive at Brownville 5:30 p.m. where during the late afternoon and evening, the train will form part of the communities' celebration program.
     On the trip from Jackman, east to Brownville Jct.. the consist will be configured with freight cars and a caboose as a re-creation of the Scoot, a popular mixed-train that operated between Brownville Jct. and Megantic, Quebec, for 74 years.
     After a brief-round trip to Onawa on the morning of June 3, the train will leave Brownville Jct. at 11:30 a.m. for McAdam, N.B. It will be serviced at Mattwamkeag.
Traditions of a Milo-ite
BY KATHY WITHAM
     Here we are smack in the middle of July. Where is the summer going? The fourth came and went, lickety split, then the Alumni weekend, then vacation and here I am at home again wondering when I'm going to get my act together enough to get the house cleaned. I promised myself that I'd get that job accomplished by hook or by crook. Quite frankly, it may be by crook. I've never been less motivated to do a job than I am to clean this house.
     My house isn't ever really dirty. On the other hand, it's never totally clean. We keep things picked up all the time. The beds are always made and the laundry's done. Dishes get done after every meal and two or three times a week I sweep the floor and shake the rugs in the kitchen. I give each bathroom a lick and a promise a couple times a week. The ironing is caught up and the closets are totally organized. I keep kitchen pantry, cupboards, and drawers straightened out and organized (most of the time), and if you can write your name on my furniture and I can actually read it...I dust it. I ask you, does that sound like a house that needs a thorough cleaning?
     I'll tell you what needs to be done. Every bit of woodwork needs a scrubbing. The curtains need to be done-up and the windows all need a good washing - inside and out.
     The upholstery needs shampooing, as do all of the carpets. The hardwood floors need to be scrubbed and waxed and buffed. The cupboards (although organized) need to be scrubbed with new liners laid in each one. All the knickknacks and pictures need to be dusted or washed and rearranged. The videos need organizing, as do the CD's. I've got dry flower arrangements and eucalyptus wreaths that need to be dusted. Another major job is going to be the pesky mini-blinds. Wow!!! Now there's a job for you! Sometimes, if they've been in a very sunny window for a long time, they'll disintegrate before your very eyes. Clean them cautiously.
     For a few years now I've been collecting Coke "stuff." We have put all of those collectibles in the hallway on shelves...you know what dust collectors those can be, both the collection and the shelves. I also have a neat collection of '50's pitchers and vintage tablecloths. They're fun to display and I even use them once in a while...but they do have to be kept clean. I fantasize about someday owning a little cafe where I can set the tables with my tablecloths and use some of the vintage dishes that I own.
     My mother was from Millinocket and I've started collecting the Fernwood of Maine wooden cutouts of all of the old buildings that Mom loved so much. Those old buildings were also a big part of my life when I was a little child. The bandstand is one of my favorites as it was right across the street from my Nana Morrison's house. I also love the cutout of the old Bangor and Aroostook Railroad station; it looks just like Milo's old station. The Congregational Church was a building very close to my grandparent's hearts. I'm hoping to get the old Fruit Store building and also the old movie theater. Those, added to my few Cat's Meow collectibles, add to the dusting responsibilities. Is it any wonder I'm bogged down?
     Summer is supposed to be for relaxing and getting your breath back after a long hard, winter and spring. It's for taking
Page 4

day trips to camp or the beach or Bar Harbor. It's for sipping lemonade while languishing in a lawn chair around a nice umbrella table. It's for watching little league baseball games on summer evenings, and getting caught up on all those videos that you've promised yourself you'd watch. It's for reading two or three new books and sleeping a little bit later on weekday mornings. It's for setting up the sewing machine and doing a couple of little projects like that little stack of mending that's piled up in a corner of your bedroom or making new throw pillows for your bed or sofa.
     And how about sorting out all of those old photos that you've promised yourself you'd get into albums once and for all. Or, how about that genealogy that you said you were going to begin working on? You've got a new computer...what are you waiting for?
     I think I've got an idea. I'm going to get everything all picked up and then I'm going to call a cleaning service to come and do the really hard stuff. How's that for a plan?
     Let me give you this one hint that will get you out of the kitchen fast and will give your family a delicious treat; Betty Crocker's German Chocolate Snackin' Cake. You mix it up in the 8" pan with a cup of water. You don't even have to grease the pan. Bake and eat. It's totally yummy! The Golden Chocolate Chip Snackin' Cake is good, too, but the German Chocolate is to die for!
     Another easy and light dessert in the summer is my
Custard Pie
4 eggs slightly beaten
1 cup sugar
1/4 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon vanilla
2 1/2 cups milk, scalded
Dash of nutmeg
     Thoroughly mix the eggs, sugar, salt, and vanilla. Slowly stir in the hot milk. Pour into an unbaked 9" pie shell. Sprinkle the top of the filling with nutmeg. The surprise to this pie is the length of time you cook it and at what temperature. Be sure to preheat and start at 475 degrees for 5 minutes. Reduce the heat to 425 degrees and bake for 15 minutes more (or until a table knife inserted halfway between the center and the crust comes out clean. Cool on a rack.
     I use Pillsbury PieCrust, found in the dairy section at the Farmer's Union. I do sprinkle a board with flour and lay the pie crust on and roll it a little to be sure there aren't any cracks in it Beyond that, I'm thumbs up with Pillsbury's.

Science Corner
BY VIRGIL VALENTE
Quiz
Match inventor with invention
1. Submarine a. Bessemer
2. Pneumatic Tire b. Eastman
3. Electric Iron c. Huygens
4. Steel d. Morse
5. Pendulum Clock e. Hunt
6. Transparent Film f. Bell
7. Telegraph g. Seely
8. Cylinder Lock h. Dunlop
9. Telephone i. Holland
10. Safety Pin

j. Yale

What is meant by Radiocarbon Dating?
     
Most of us have heard of dating things by Carbon dating. We are told an object of an earlier culture is a certain age. Ever wonder how scientists come up with the date?
     
It all goes back to the atmosphere. The atmosphere contains about 78% Nitrogen and about 21% Oxygen not counting moisture. The rest is a mixture of gases. One of these gases is Carbon Dioxide which composes about 0.9% of the air. Normal Carbon has an atom, which contains 6 protons, 5 neutrons and 6 electrons. Maybe you recall your school science where protons are positive and neutrons have no charge. They both exist in the nucleus of an atom. Electrons are somewhere surrounding the nucleus. We call this form of Carbon-Carbon 12 because of the number of protons and neutrons. Carbon can also exist as atoms that contain 6 protons (The number of protons distinguishes it as carbon), 8 neutrons and 6 electrons. This is called Carbon 14 because of the sum of the protons and neutrons. This form of carbon is a different isotope. Isotopes of an element differ in the number of neutrons in the nucleus. Carbon 14 is unstable and decomposes, changing itself to Nitrogen. We say that it is radioactive. In fact half of all the Carbon 14 now present on the earth will be gone in 5,730 years. We call this the half-life. Half life is a confusing term because one might think that if half is gone in 5,730 years then in twice that time, 11,460 years all of it will be gone. Half-life doesn’t work that way. If there are 100 atoms of Carbon 14 in a box, half of them will decompose in 5730 years leaving 50 atoms. Half of what is left will decompose in another 5730 years leaving 25 and so on. So how can scientists use this information?
     
Carbon 14 is constantly being created in our atmosphere. As the sun burns its fuel, it gives off high-speed electrons that shoot off into space. Some of them hit our atmosphere. If they should happen to collide with the nucleus of a Nitrogen atom at sufficient speed, then it merges with a proton to become a neutron. Nitrogen has 7 protons and 7 neutrons. If a proton changes to a neutron then what are left are 6 protons and 8 neutrons. Since the number of protons change the atom changes from one of Nitrogen 14 to one of Carbon 14. The amount of Nitrogen changed is a very small percentage. It is sometimes likened to a teaspoon of water compared to the Pacific Ocean. The amount of energy coming from the sun appears from evidence on earth to have been fairly constant over at least the last 50,000 years. It varies within an 11-year cycle, but is essentially constant. This means the number of electrons striking the earth’s atmosphere the amount of Carbon 14 produced has also probably been constant. This means that the ratio of Carbon 12 to Carbon 14 has probably been constant.
     
Whenever we eat, the food has the same ratio of these two isotopes so the ratio in our bodies remains constant. Once a living thing dies, there is no way for more Carbon 14 to get into it so the percentage slowly gets less as the Carbon 14 converts back to Nitrogen 14.
     
There are a number of methods used to determine the ratio of these two isotopes. The most common has been the mass spectrograph. It is a machine that speeds ionized atoms up so they are traveling very fast. They are then shot past a giant magnet. The heavy ones are deflected less just like a cannon ball would be deflected less than a ping pong ball if passed in front of a stream of air. By how much the ionized atoms are deflected, and how many of them strike a particular spot, the percentage of each can be determined.
     
So by determining the ratio of Carbon 14 to Carbon 12 and knowing how fast Carbon 14 decomposes, it is possible to estimate an age for things that once were alive. By using this method, scientists determined how long ago the campfires of the Indians near Rhoda’s Bridge were burned.
Page 5

     Because half-life graphs are curved starting from near vertical and ending near horizontal, errors of measurement are quite large for objects what were living a long time ago or have been dead only a short time.
     Bristle Cone Pines that have been living since the time of Christ have ‘dead wood’ near the center. In other words the only living part of the tree is that part near the bark. Using cores of these trees and counting the growth rings, scientists have been able to calibrate the loss of Carbon 14 to make their predictions of age more accurate.
     There is still a lot of controversy about Carbon dating. First one has to make the assumption that the amount of electrons from the sun hasn’t changed over the past 50 to 75,000 years. Secondly, one has to assume no catastrophic event has occurred during this time that would upset the natural production and decomposition of Carbon 14.
     In fact many scientists are not happy with some of the dates Carbon 14 dating gives and are looking for reasons why their estimates don’t fit the data. On of the possible reasons for this is that it is easy to contaminate a sample with new Carbon, by breathing on it, etc.
     One example of how accurate it can be is the measurements of articles in King Tut’s tomb. From writings archeologists know that he died in 1325 BC that should make the artifacts found in his tomb about 3325 years old. Radiocarbon dating places the time at between 3312 and 3337 years ago. Not bad!
     I guess one would have to say that Carbon dating works some of the time, but not all of the time. We’ll leave it to future experimentation to determine how accurate it is.

Answers: 1.i, 2.h, 3.g, 4.a, 5.c, 6.b, 7.d, 8.j, 9.f, 10.e
Score 5 Good, 6-7 Excellent, 8-10 Superb

‘THE BINGO CREW’
By Paul Kinne

The bingo kitchen is a couple of swell gals
And over all the months they’ve made some pretty cool pals

Their flapping lips never bother to stop
As they sit on their fannies and spoon out the glop

God only knows what concoction they’ll brew this week
Come eight o’clock the gas level in the room is at a scary peak

Tuesday’s bingo is usually quite a magnificent bash
And knowing these two, they’ve hidden a bit of cash

We need to get a paddle to give Brenda a really hard whack
Cause all she ever does is sit there with her smart aleck comebacks

And Kathy trying to keep things going without a problematic hitch
When actually she is being an evil sinister little witch

These two together is quite a horrific team
But watch out, they’re not as innocent as they seem

No matter what though, we get a barrel of laughs every time
I just know they are somehow committing some kind of crime

But the Lord only knows where Bingo would be
If we didn’t have these two ladies that you always see

Because they are the ones that always make Bingo so much chuckling fun
And because of their never-ending hard work, they’ll never be out done.

First Term of High School to 1925 – Part 1
Local History: BonusReprints from MHS Breeze And other sources
SUBMITTED BY MYRNA RICKER
     The present High School of Milo (1925) is considered one of the best of its size in the state, and every alumnus has a feeling of loyalty toward the school and are very much interested in its welfare. Probably every citizen knows more or less about the growth and development of our school, but just for a few moments let us turn back to the younger days of M.H.S.
     The very first term of high school was held in what is now known as the Primary Building, and was taught by William Buck, later Dr. Buck, in the fall of 1856. The next term was in 1858, taught by Rufus Douglass of Dover-Foxcroft. In 1859 Henry Otis Pratt, later Methodist Minister in Iowa held a school and in 1860 William Smith Knowlton, now known as “The Old Schoolmaster” held school in the same building. Mr. Knowlton is now (1925) living in Monson, Maine, and those who attended Milo Centennial Pageant will remember one of the pleasing scenes when Mr. Knowlton performed the duties as schoolmaster, as he performed them 65 years ago. Mr. Knowlton has taught school a greater part of his life, and has achieved much fame and success, so it is with a sense of pride that we class him as one of the first teachers.
     It was customary each year in order to have a High School to take a vote of the inhabitants of the town, and if a high school was desired by the majority, to set the length of the year which was usually one term in the fall of from 10 to 12 weeks. Perhaps the most astounding fact relating to our early High School was that every scholar bought his own books, and paid a tuition to defray the expenses of the school master. The tuition charges were as follows: Common English courses which included arithmetic, grammar, geography and history, 20 cents per week. Higher English courses including algebra, botany, chemistry, geometry and astronomy, 25 cents per week. Language course including French and Latin, 30 cents a week.
(From: Milo High School, by “An Alumna” – Breeze 1925)
Continued next week…………..


BROWNVILLE HISTORICAL SOCIETY
BY NANCY GRANT
     In 1978, Scott and Ellen Kirby were instrumental in forming the groundwork for the present Historical Society now located in the old Parrish House in Brownville. They and Connie and Bill Sawtell were the first members who met at their homes as well as the Alumni Building and the Parrish House. Scott had started collecting artifacts that were originally kept at the Boy Scout building on Van Horne Avenue in Brownville Jct. Bill, president of the society from 1980 to 1990, and Jim Bryant, curator from 1990 to present, opened the first museum at the Brownville Fire House in
Page 6

1989, after many months of renovations. In 1995, the Parrish House was purchased from the church for $7,000.00.
     Along with the continued collecting of artifacts, Bill was doing an architectural study of the older homes in Brownville and the Jct. Bill states that the oldest house in Brownville is the ‘Brown house’, built in 1814 and located on High Street. A very small portion of interesting items include: the bars from the jail formerly housed in the Block Building during the 1930’s (where prisoners were held in temporary ‘lock-up’, pending their incarceration in Dover); an extended file of written records from the first area settlers; and old photographs, identified with names, and artifacts from Brownville residents who fought in the Civil War.
     A number of legacies and a generous donation of $5,000.00 from the Daughters of Union Veterans for its upkeep fund the Historical Society. It also requires many man-hours to keep the museum going and to identify and catalog the hundreds of items to be displayed. Besides the many people who have been so generous in their willingness to share their family treasures with the public, the Society’s officers have worked very hard to make the museum the wonderful place it is now. Reuben Lancaster, president since 1990, Treasurer Marilyn Kindamo, and Secretary Grace Leeman are to be commended for their tireless donation of time. Grace has been researching the genealogy of Brownville residents for the past five or six years and is presently working on the Stineford ancestry. She also sends out a newsletter twice a year (spring and fall) to an out of town membership of 135!
     The Brownville Historical Society is open on Tuesday and Saturday from 10 am to 3 pm during the summer months. They will be open all day on August 2, 3, and 4 for Brownville’s ‘Old Home Week.’
BE SURE TO DROP BY!

HISTORICALLY SPEAKING
BY NANCY GRANT
MILO – JAN. 3, 1942
     Miss Florence Estelle Cosman and Woodrow Wilson Decker were married Friday evening at 8 o’clock in a candlelight service at the United Baptist church parsonage. The home was attractively decorated with pine and red berries, and the ceremony was performed in front of the fireplace.
     The bride wore a floor length dress of powder blue chiffon with pink accessories, and a corsage of sweet peas and roses. A close friend, Mrs. Joseph Eastman, who wore a floor length dress of peach taffeta and a corsage of talisman roses, attended her. His brother, Robert Decker, attended the bridegroom.
MILO – MARCH 7, 1942
     Marriage announced – Mr. and Mrs. LeRoy J. Hoskins of Milo announce the marriage of their daughter, Rose, to C. Elmer Carlson of Derby, on March 7. The bridegroom’s sister and brother-in-law, Mr. and MRS. W. Gilbert Westgate of Gardiner attended them. The bride, a graduate of Milo High school in 1939 and Williams’s private business school of Brockton, Mass., in 1940, is now employed as secretary to the superintendent of Milo schools. The Bangor & Aroostook Railroad employ Mr. Carlson, a graduate of Milo High school in 1937.
MILO – APRIL 14, 1943
     Another name is being added to the ranks of native Maine artists with growing recognition of the works of Kenneth W. Davis, talented local water colorist.
Davis’ favorite subject is the typical Maine landscape, which he paints with a high degree of realism and attention to detail. Covering mountains to marine scenes, the local artist’s delicate shadings and fine detail are more expressive of the technique found in oil paintings.
     Davis describes himself as “an amateur with professional training.” He studied for two years at the school of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, majoring in commercial art. His background included work in sketching and illustrating.
     He participated in the annual school shows and won distinction in an illustrating contest for commercial students. Davis smilingly admits that he is as busy earning a living to doing as much time as he would with his hobby, is contributing his share in recording the Maine scene through his individual approach to water colors.

THREE RIVERS KIWANIS NEWS

CHILDREN: PRIORITY ONE

REGULAR MEETING
     The Three Rivers Kiwanis Club meets at Angie’s Restaurant each Wednesday morning at 6:30 to eat breakfast, enjoy fellowship, hear speakers on various interesting topics, and to share ideas. All are welcome to visit with us. If you would like to join our organization, please contact Janet Richards or any other Kiwanian for an application. We are involved in many worthwhile local projects and would be very pleased to have you participate in them.

MEETING NOTES JULY 17
BY JANET RICHARDS, SECRETARY
     This week’s meeting was attended by thirteen members and a fellow Kiwanian from Tennessee, George Barton.
     Thank you notes from Britney and Belina Crider were passed around and also a very thoughtful thank you card from Sheri Conley.
     An interclub is scheduled for Guilford on July 25th. They meet at the Covered Bridge Restaurant.
     Newspaper update: The duplexer is scheduled to be installed, which should really save time on the Kiwanis Paper. Last week they printed 220 papers and sold 218. Yay!!
     Town Hall update: The knee wall in the balcony is proving to be a trying project. Maybe it will be carpeted instead of finished with plywood.
     Senior barbecues will be coming next month.
     We were happy and sad this week for vacations, shopping, visitors, doing well in a race, and goats. It was worth eight dollars.
     The upcoming speaker is Tom Lizotte and July 31st has yet to be decided, as it is an evening meeting.
     Last week there was a very brief board meeting. Jeff gave a detailed treasurer's report, the board voted to sponsor half the cost of one child for Judy Cross's riding school camp, and a donation was made to the Farley family who lost everything is a terrible fire.

Page 7

A new feature to the Three Rivers News is the TRC Page. Every week, it will feature the current week's community calendar, and some other features of our site.

Community Calendar


We are looking for Volunteers!!
The Three Rivers Community is run completely by volunteers, but we always can use more! Listed below are positions we are looking to fill. If you are interested in any of these positions, please email us at info@trcmaine.org or call Seth Barden at 943-2425!

Business Coordinator, Recreation Coordinator, Brownville Manager, Atkinson/Sebec Manager, & LaGrange/Medford Manager.
Click here for more details


Local Museums
The local historical societies’ museums are open for the summer!

Milo Historical Society Museum
12 High Street, Milo
Tuesdays & Fridays, 1p - 3p

Brownville Historical Society Museum
72 Church Street, Brownville
Tuesdays & Saturdays, 10a - 3p

Harriman School Museum (Sebec Historical Society)
North Road, Sebec
Sundays, 2p - 4p


Become part of our Website!

Would you like your business or organization listed on our site? The service is free! We provide a listing of businesses, clubs & organizations, churches, and schools. Just fill out the following form or fill out the form on our site at www.trcmaine.org! Also, please list any upcoming local events that should be in our community calendar!!

Fill out this form!

Page 8

Print Issues: Copyright © 2001 - 2012 Three Rivers Kiwanis Club
Website: Copyright © 2002 - 2012 Three Rivers Community Alliance